Udai Singh II (4 August 1522 – 28 February 1572) was the Maharana of Mewar and the founder of the city of Udaipur in the present day Rajasthan state of India. He was the 53rd ruler of the Mewar dynasty. He was the fourth son of Maharana Sangram Singh (Rana Sanga)  and Rani Karnavati, a princess of Bundi.

When Maharana Udai Singh II founded the city of Udaipur, one can wonder what splendor, he must have felt on discovering this truly gifted part of the planet. He was a true connoisseur of beauty, it seems. Udai Singh II is parallelly remembered for his breathtakingly beautiful queens, who were 20 in number. This son of Rana Sanga is invariably famous in the Rajputana history for two reasons; one for being the father of the brave son of Mewar, Maharana Pratap and secondly for gifting the picturesque city of Udaipur to the world.

Udai Singh II was the fourth son of Rani Karnawati and Maharana Sangram Singh, who was popularly known as Rana Sanga. After Rana Sanga’s death, his enemies tried to kill Udai Singh II, who was only a child at that time. He was rescued by his nurse Panna Dhai who replaced him with her own son and sacrificed his life for the safety of the young prince. Later, when he ascended the throne, he was attacked by Akbar. At this time, he had already left Chittor 9 years ago, ending up in Udaipur, giving Mewar its new capital.

The city of lakes ‘Udaipur’ is named after its founder, who then made it his capital even before Chittor was sacked by Akbar. When the Mughal forces attacked Chittor, the then capital of Mewar, Maharana Udai Singh II and the royal family had already left for Gogunda, making it a temporary capital until Udai Singh II shifted to Udaipur, making this gem the new capital of Mewar. Although after the weakening of the Mughals, the Rajput kings recaptured most of Mewar but failed to win over Chittor. Thus Udaipur which had been safer from the Mughal influence because of its mountainous terrain remained the capital of Mewar till it became a part of Union of India 1948.
Udai Singh II who is perhaps less famous for his valor or bravery as his ancestors Rana Kumbha or Rana Sanga, became the proud father of Maharana Pratap who marked the Rajputana history with his heroism and courage, making his father’s presence in history significant and imperative.